• Carol Anne Bauer
  • Dilohana Lekamge
  • Fiona Pardington
  • Suji Park

Like water by water brings together artworks from Dilohana Lekamge, Suji Park, Carol Anne Bauer and Fiona Pardington. The exhibition adapts its title from the writings of self-taught geologist John Hardcastle (1847–1927), who observed and studied the unique geology of South Canterbury and made ground-breaking discoveries concerning climate change. Together, these accumulating histories and stories acknowledge the landscape of the region as a site of radical geomorphic transformation.

Each artist draws from elements of the physical environment: limestone, fossils, pigments and clay – materials imbued with speculative, relational and ecological narratives. Dilohana Lekamge’s newly commissioned film returns to Ram Setu, or Adam’s Bridge, a mysterious stretch of limestone shoal linking Sri Lanka and India which was the subject of her film A Different Ocean (2021). The traces of meteorological events in the limestone terrain of South Canterbury evoke for Lekamge displaced histories and diasporic longing for a distant other.

Suji Park’s ceramic sculptures recall archeological relics, primordial creatures and the plastic-bonded rocks of emergent and future geology by fusing together seemingly incompatible materials from different sources and geographies. Fiona Pardington’s photograph Pouakai (2006) stems from her ongoing project to document remnants of the pouākai Haast’s eagle. The pouākai was the largest eagle ever known and it lived in Te Waipounamu before becoming extinct 500 to 600 years ago. Pardington has a longstanding affinity with the pouākai and the physical manifestations of it that exist today; among these the rock drawings found in limestone formations depicting them.

Embroideries and paintings by the late artist Carol Anne Bauer (1935-2016) intricately render in thread and acrylic microscopic fossils and minerals, sea anemones and other oceanic forms - the kinds of marine organisms whose skeletal fragments have come to form the limestone landscapes of South Canterbury.

John Hardcastle recognised in the 1890s how loess soil deposits in the coastal cliffs near Timaru carry tangible reminders of past climates, with stratums of glacial action and of verdant tropical forests, and phases of rainfall and of drought, all spanning tens of thousands of years. Hardcastle is increasingly credited with being among the first people to undertake palaeoclimatology (the study of ancient climates), a field of study more critical than ever considering how this past July broke historical records for global temperature.

Like water by water suggests multiple ways of understanding complex geological and cultural landscapes. The recurring methodologies, processes and events that shape each artwork correlate with those that form elements of the land; like the actions of sedimentation and currents that mix and alternate, leaving traces which are expansive and granular.

Read more about the artists here.

Curated by Amy Weng and Simon Palenski.

Opening Hours

  • Tuesday - Friday, 11am - 5pm
  • Saturday - Sunday, 11am - 4pm


  • Aigantighe Art Gallery
  • 49 Wai-Iti Road
  • Timaru